a short lifestory of our prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Feb 27, 2014


1. Introduction to Muhammad’s Life
“Verily! this Qur’an guides unto that which is straightest, and gives glad tidings unto the believers who do good works that theirs will be a magnificent reward.” Qur’an 17:9
2. The Lands Surrounding the Arabian Peninsula
The situation the Roman empire was far from enviable. The Byzantine Empire (the eastern part of the later Roman Empire), became a land of crippling taxation and rampant bribery. The citizens had become so frustrated with their miserable condition that civil unrest and rioting became commonplace. In the year 532C.E., during the rule of Justin I, only one single such riot resulted in the death of over thirty thousand citizens in the capital of Costantinople.
3. The Birth of Muhammad (pbuh)
Muhammad’s father, Abdullah, died before he was born and never saw him. Just before his birth, Muhammad’s mother Amina had a dream wherein she saw a light issuing forth from her and illuminating the palaces of Basra.
4. The Beginning of the Prophethood
When Waraka heard what had happened he said: “By Him in who’s hands my soul rests, you are the prophet of this nation, and the one who visited you is none other than the chief of the angels who visited Moses. Verily, your people shall call you a liar, abuse you, expel you, and wage war against you.”
5. The Emigration to Al-Madinah
Although the Muslims had forsaken all of their worldly possessions to the people of Quraish, still, this did not prevent many of them from being captured and tormented by Quraish.
6. The Battle of Badr
For fifteen years, the Muslims had born the abuse and torture of Quraish and their nobles. They had lost their wealth, land and homes, and had endured great hardship. Many had died. Even after the emigration, Quraish insisted on following them with their abuse and every so often they would send small detachments to fight with them. These detachments would go so far as to enter the outskirts of the city and their farms.
7. Other Battles
The battle of Uhud which was fought in the third year after the emigration. In this battle Muhammad (pbuh) had given the Muslims specific commands on where and how to fight. In the beginning, they followed his command and were victorious. However, no sooner did they have the pagans of Quraish on the run than they forgot his commands and were subsequently defeated. Seven hundred Muslims and roughly three thousand pagans fought in this battle. Seventy men of the Ansar and twenty two men of Quraish died in this battle.
8. The Treaty of Al-Hudaibia and the Opening of Makkah
He then said: “Quraish shall not come to me requesting a treaty that raises the name of God and reverences the bonds of kinship but I shall accept it from them” He then poked his camel and rebuked it and it arose and continued onwards.
9. The Pilgrimage
“… I have left among you that which you shall never be lead astray if you adhere to it; the Book of Allah. [Verily] you shall be asked about me [on the Day of Resurrection], so what will you say?.”
10. The Death of Muhammad (pbuh)
When the companions of Muhammad (pbuh) heard this chapter being recited they understood that the prophet Muhammad (pbuh) would not be with them much longer and their hearts began to weigh heavy with the thought of losing him.
11. Prophet Muhammad’s Last Sermon
O people: your lives and your property, until the very day you meet your Lord, are as inviolable to each other as the inviolability of this day you are now in, and the month you are now in. Have I given the message? — O Allah, be my witness. So let whoever has been given something for safekeeping give it back to him who gave him it.

muhammad  eddai

sharing islamic and humanistic posts here, on the perspective of Risale-i Nur Collection and its author: Bediüzzaman.


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